Healthcare practitioners' views and experiences of barriers and facilitators to weight management interventions for adults with intellectual disabilities

Author Kym Lang
Posted 2019.06.04 Comments 0

Alison J. Doherty  Stephanie P. Jones Umesh ChauhanJosephine M. E. Gibson

Abstract

Background

Obesity is common in adults with intellectual disabilities, yet little is known about how weight management interventions are provided for this population.

Methods

Semi‐structured interviews were held with 14 healthcare practitioners involved in weight management interventions in an English county. A study topic guide was developed to elicit practitioners' views and experiences of barriers and facilitators to weight management for adults with intellectual disabilities. Responses were analysed using thematic analysis.

Results

Several barriers are involved in weight management for people with intellectual disabilities including communication challenges, general practitioners' lack of knowledge and awareness of weight management services, inconsistencies in caring support, resource constraints, wider external circumstances surrounding the individuals and motivational issues. Facilitators include reasonable adjustments to existing weight management services. However, there is a need for specialist weight management provision for people with intellectual disabilities.

Conclusions

This study provides suggestions for future research, policy and practice consideration.

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